Cat illnesses and their effects might be worrying, or even deadly if left untreated. Our Kent vets offer information on signs and symptoms of common illnesses.
What are some common illnesses in cats?
Here are 3 common illnesses you, as a cat-owner, should be aware of. Cats tend to instantly self-isolate when sick, so it is especially important to be prepared to visit your vet is required.
Upper Respiratory Infections
Your cat's throat, nose and sinuses (also known as their upper respiratory tract) can get infected by viruses and bacteria. These kinds of illnesses are often passed around in multi-cat households or shelters. Something as simple as sharing a food or water bowl is enough for a cat to contract illnesses such as feline herpesvirus and feline calicivirus.
Cats are able to transfer these illnesses to other cats by sneezing, coughing, or during grooming.
Symptoms of this group of infections include:
- Runny nose or clear/colored nasal discharge
- Gagging, drooling
- Decreased or lost appetite
Diabetes mellitus develops in cats who are not able to produce enough insulin to balance their blood sugar and glucose levels. If it is not treated, Diabetes can lead to severe symptoms such as:
- Increased urination
- Increased appetite (as the body cannot use the energy in food) or loss of appetite
- Motor function problems
If not adequately controlled, diabetes can lead to health problems such as nerve disorders and a shortened lifespan. Treatment focuses on managing this condition through insulin injections.
Uncontrolled cell growth causes cancer, which can affect numerous organs and cells throughout your cat's body. The disease first develops within a cell. After that, it connects to the tissue below your pet's skin where it can potentially spread through their body.
In cats, a common contributor to cancer is Feline Leukemia Virus, which is diagnosable. Factors such as environmental toxins can also cause cancer. If caught early in its development, your vet may be capable of treating cancer in your cat.
- Difficulty urinating or defecating
- Lumps or bumps that change in size or shape
- Odor from the mouth
- Sores that do not heal
- Unexplained bleeding or discharge
- Marked increase or decrease in appetite
- Chronic weight loss
Numerous treatments such as surgery, radiation and chemotherapy can be attempted depending on the extent, developmental stage, and location within the body of a tumor.
What should I do if my cat is ill?
If your cat is ill and showing symptoms listed above, it is important that you bring them in to your vet as soon as possible. At Afford-A-Vet Animal Clinic, we have an on-site pharmacy, in-house lab, and urgent care services which all aim to provide you and your pet with the care they need.